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29th-Sep-2016 05:47 pm - Jonny
29th-Sep-2016 01:35 pm - Atonement

Since the dominant view of the human plight in Hebrews is the great gulf between a holy God and an unholy humanity caused by sin and guilt, as I have shown in the preceding chapter, the most widespread imagery used by the author for the mighty divine rescue is drawn from the Old Testament sacrificial system, with Christ's death presented as a sacrifice of atonement and its sugnificance in terms of the Day of Atonement ritual.

The first reference in Hebrews to the saving work of Christ is described in terms of cleansing-the 'purification for sins' (1:3). Purification is one of the author's major concerns to which he returns again and again. In his incarnation Jesus, the transcendent Son of God, became fully human (yet without sin) so as to become 'a merciful and faithful high priest in service to God, and that he might make atonement for the sins of the people' (2:17).

Atonement has to do with the restoration of a relationship marred by sin, and this encompasses both expiation, sin's removal, and propitiation, the averting of divine wrath. The Old Testament viewed atonement as involving propitiation, the dealing with sin in order to avert the wrath of God (cf. e.g. Num. 16:46), and often mentions the sin for which (Exod. 32:30; Lev.5:10) and the person(s) for whom (Lev. 1:4; 16:11) atonement is made. Hebrews assumes the biblical doctrine that atonement is necessary because sin is an offence that separates people from God and incurs his wrath (2:2; 3:16-19; 12:12-17, 29; 10:31). God's holy anger is emphasized in the letter (cf. 3:10-11, 17; 4:3), and listeners are warned of it, just as Moses' generation had been (3:7-4:13; 10:26-31; 12:29). Christ's death was propitiatory, for he took upon himself the covenant curse on those who were disobedient (9:16-22). By the single, sufficient sacrifice of himself he not only set aside sin, and finally settled the sin problem for all history, thereby bringing the ages to their divinely intended climax ('the culmination of the ages', 9:26); he also purified his people (1:3; 9:13-14), delivering men and women from God's fiery judgment (10:26-31; 12:29), for wrath is now averted. He no longer remembers the sins of his people (10:11-15).

Christ offered himself 'unblemished to God' (9:14) and as the sinless high priest was able to make the final sacrifice (7:27) that explains how Jesus made 'purification' (1:3) or 'atonement for the sins of the people' (2:17). This forgiveness of sins was promised by God under the new covenant (8:12; 10:17-18), and guaranteed by the perfect high priest who 'offered for all time one sacrifice for sins', after which he 'sat down at the right hand of God', indicating his work was finished (10:12).

The purification of or atonement for sins is also described as the definitive cleansing of human consciences from the attitudes and practices that belong to the way of death (9:14; 10:22). Hebrews understands that sin affects all people, and every person's conscience is tainted. Emancipated from this dreadful bondage, men and women can not serve and worship the living God (v.14)-the purpose for which they have been created (cf. 2:10). Since the forgiveness God's Son has won is permanent, and the barrier between God and humanity has been removed, men and women can now enter the presence of God with confidence and receive mercy and grace in their time of need (cf. 4:16;9:14;10:22). We 'can draw near to God now with the directness and certainty that belong to the final state of his people' (cf.12:22-24). The language of drawing near to God is thus used by the author to speak of the privilege won by Christ for the new covenant people (4:16; 7:19,25; 10:19-22;11:6; cf.6:19).

Christ's once for all sacrificial death results not only in the purification and expiation of sins and thus the cleansing of people's consciences; it also achieves sanctification and perfection. There is a close relationship between cleansing from sin, sanctification and perfection though they are not synonymous. The sanctification of God's people was the goal of Christ's fulfilling the Father's will by offering himself as a sacrifice for sins (10:10). The designation of believers as already 'sanctified' is consistent with the stress on sanctification as something that has already been won for us by the blood of Christ. So the description 'we have been made holy' (10:10) signifies a definitive consecration to God through the effective cleansing from sin (Heb.2:11;9:13-14;10:10, 29; 13:12) that qualifies us for fellowship with him.

Further, the notion of believers' 'perfection', which has been achieved through Christ's being made perfect (2:10;5:9;7:28), emphasizes both the realized aspect of salvation as well as the permanent effects for believers. The context of Hebrews 10:14 locates this perfecting in the past, since it was accomplished by Christ's single offering of himself by which he made his people 'perfect for ever' (10:14). At the same time, perfection is used 'to proclaim the fulfillment or consummation of men and women in a permanent, direct and personal relationship to God'. Christ's death secures for believers a share in the future that God has promised. The perfection of believers involves all of this. So 'perfection' language is used of the 'complete realization at the final fulfillment of all God's promises (11:40;12:23), . . . an unfolding of what is, in principle, even now achieved through Christ's sacrifice.'

Moreover, the outcome of this definitive cleansing, sanctification and perfection is the privilege of entering the presence of God with confidence now and in anticipation of our final entry into the Most Holy Place for ever." pg.108-110 Peter T. O'Brien "God has Spoken in his Son: A biblical theology of Hebrews"
It is 10:50 AM Thursday morning in the death flow. Outside this morning it is raining. A cold wet rainy gray ugly autumn day here in West Michigan.

I got up this morning around 5:30 AM. When I got up I made myself a pot of coffee and made myself a bowl of oatmeal. I ate my oatmeal messing with our main computer. After messing with our main computer I wrote in my paper diary.

Carol got home from work around 8:45 AM and went to bed soon after getting home. She is off the next four nights. Carol plans to get up around 3 o'clock PM this afternoon and drive over to Grand Rapids to visit Emily and Josie Joy. I am not going with her because she will be driving to GR in a rain storm. I am afraid of driving in rain storms. I do not want to die in a car wreck on a rain soaked freeway side of the road or smashed inside a car as the rain pours over my dead body. Carol is not afraid of dying in a car wreck.

I have been basically wandering the house and watching the birds at our feeder.

I will close to sit and wait it out. I have been reading as the rain falls from the gray sky "Hermeneutics as Apprenticeship" by Starling off and on today.

29th-Sep-2016 09:49 am - Spire - Entropy [Full - HD]
29th-Sep-2016 06:31 am - Yusuf Islam - Peace Train
28th-Sep-2016 12:35 pm - gates to beyond
It is 12:27 PM as I stand before the firing squad praying for a safe entrance through the pearly gates. I did leave the house this morning to get bird seed/oil sunflower seeds two forty pound bags for our birds and then on the way home I stopped at thrift stores to search for used books to add to our library. I only found four used books today, here is what I found this morning-

"When The World Was Steady" a novel by Claire Messud

"Bloodtide" a novel by Melvin Burgess

"Elegy For April" a novel by Benjamin Black

"Stalin In Power: The Revolution from Above, 1928-1941" biography/Russian History by Robert C. Tucker

When I got home I emptied the car and then came in the house. I ate lunch and then cataloged the used books I bought today. So goes by my existence. I am thinking of taking a nap this afternoon since last night got out of control.


28th-Sep-2016 09:41 am - a story of divine grace
It is 9:30 AM Wednesday morning in the death flow. It is a cold gray rainy ugly day. It is suppose to rain and thunder today. I had to get up during the night and turned on the heat because the house was ice cold. Carol said it got down in the 50's during the night. I am sure we will have some warm days before Winter slams into us.

I got up this morning around 7:30 AM. I made myself a pot of coffee and bowl of oatmeal. I ate my oatmeal messing with our main computer. After messing with our main computer I wrote in my paper diary and read from a book titled, "Hermeneutics as Apprenticeship: How the Bible Shapes Our Interpretive Habits and Practices" by David I. Starling. As I was reading this book Carol came home from work. She has gone to bed for the day. She told me before going to bed she is going to get up early and go to the Woman's Bible Study and be a half hour late for work. I personally think my wife should sleep as much as she can before going to work instead of going to the Woman's Bible Study. But my wife is use to being constantly tired. I personally always seek personal comfort and not get myself stressed out. Why make myself miserable?

Last night I made a video for my BookTube channel and listened to music. I went to bed around 11 o'clock PM. I mainly read the novel "Serena" by Ron Rash last night.

I have nothing to do today but wait for Time to come to a close. I might get brave and drive north of town to visit thrift stores. But this coming Friday is a used books sale not far from our place so I might stay home and drift through the day. I have plenty of stuff to read.

Well I will close to face the coming train wreck.

a photo taken yesterday at Holland State Park Lake Michigan
Holland State Park
27th-Sep-2016 08:38 pm - thrilling tales

A list of books mentioned in this video-


"The Race Set Before Us: A Biblical Theology of Perseverance & Assurance" by Thomas R. Schreiner & Ardel B. Caneday

"Serena" a novel by Ron Rash

"Tobacco Road" a novel by Erskine Caldwell

"The Christ-Haunted Landscape: Faith and Doubt in Southern Fiction" by Susan Ketchen (University Press of Mississippi Jackson)

"Lexicon" a novel by Max Barry (I have another novel by Max Barry in our library titled, "Jennifer Government".)

"Netherland" a novel by Joseph O'Neill

"Breakfast at Tiffany's And Three Stories" by Truman Capote

"Fifth Avenue, 5 A.M. Audrey Hepburn, Breakfast At Tiffany's And The Dawn Of The Modern Woman" by Sam Wasson

"McSweeney's Mammoth Treasure of Thrilling Tales" Edited by Michael Chabon

"Germany Tried Democracy: A Political History of the Reich from 1918 to 1933" by S. William Halperin

"Golden Days" a novel by Carolyn See

"One Night In Winter" a novel by Simon Sebag Montefiore

"Partisans: Marriage, Politics, And Betrayal Among The New York Intellectuals" biography by David Laskin

"A Common Life: Four Generations of American Literary Friendships and Influence" by David Laskin

"The Children's Blizzard" by David Laskin
27th-Sep-2016 11:51 am - Lake Michigan

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